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What is Brain Cancer?...
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Types of Brain Cancer...
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Signs and Symptoms...
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Getting Diagnosed...
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Treatments...
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What is Brain Cancer?

Around 1700 people are diagnosed with brain cancer in Australia annually and approximately 1200 die from the disease every year. Brain cancer kills more children in Australia than any other disease and more people under 40 than any other cancer. Cure Brain Cancer Foundation is dedicated to accelerating the development of new treatments to increase five-year survival from the current 20% to 50% by 2023. Find out more about the disease in the sections below.

Benign Malignant
Slow growing Usually fast growing
Has distinct borders Invasive
Rarely spreads  Sometimes spreads 
Benign
Slow growing
Has distinct borders
Rarely spreads 
Malignant
Usually fast growing
Invasive
Sometimes spreads 
What is Brain Cancer?

Around 1700 people are diagnosed with brain cancer in Australia annually and approximately 1200 die from the disease every year. Brain cancer kills more children in Australia than any other disease and more people under 40 than any other cancer. Cure Brain Cancer Foundation is dedicated to accelerating the development of new treatments to increase five-year survival from the current 20% to 50% by 2023. Find out more about the disease in the sections below.

Benign Malignant
Slow growing Usually fast growing
Has distinct borders Invasive
Rarely spreads  Sometimes spreads 
Benign
Slow growing
Has distinct borders
Rarely spreads 
Malignant
Usually fast growing
Invasive
Sometimes spreads 

How is brain cancer different to others?

Brain Cancer

Incidence 1,896
Mortality 1,528
5 Year Survival 22.3%
vs.

Blood Cancer

All cancers combined

Breast Cancer

Lung Cancer

Colorectal Cancer

Incidence 20,030
Mortality 3,138
5 Year Survival 91.5%
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2021. Cancer data in Australia. Cat. no. CAN 122.
Canberra: AIHW
Incidence: Projected number of people diagnosed in 2021. Mortality: Projected number of people who will die from their diagnosis in 2021. 5 Year Survival Rate: Percentage of people who survive 5-years after diagnosis.
What is brain cancer?

Around 1700 people are diagnosed with brain cancer in Australia annually and approximately 1200 die from the disease every year. Brain Cancer kills more children in Australia than any other disease and more people under 40 than any other cancer.

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Grades of Brain Cancer
Grades of Brain Cancer
iconGrade I Tumour
  • Slow-growing cells
  • Almost normal appearance under a microscope
  • Least malignant
  • Usually associated with long-term survival
iconGrade II Tumour
  • Relatively slow-growing cells
  • Slightly abnormal appearance under a microscope
  • Can invade adjacent normal tissue
  • Can recur as a higher-grade tumour
iconGrade III Tumour
  • Actively reproducing abnormal cells
  • Abnormal appearance under a microscope
  • Infiltrates adjacent normal brain tissue
  • Tends to recur, often as a higher grade of tumour
iconGrade IV Tumour
  • Abnormal, rapidly reproducing cells
  • Very abnormal appearance under a microscope
  • Forms new blood vessels to maintain rapid growth
  • Areas of dead cells (necrosis) in centre
iconGrade I Tumour
  • Slow-growing cells
  • Almost normal appearance under a microscope
  • Least malignant
  • Usually associated with long-term survival
iconGrade II Tumour
  • Relatively slow-growing cells
  • Slightly abnormal appearance under a microscope
  • Can invade adjacent normal tissue
  • Can recur as a higher-grade tumour
Types of Brain Cancer
Types of Brain Cancer
Acoustic Neuroma

An acoustic neuroma is a benign, slow-growing tumour that originates in the canal connecting the brain to the inner ear… Read More

Astrocytoma

Astrocytomas are the most common type of glioma… Read More

Brain Stem Glioma

A glioma is tumour formed from glial cells… Read More

Chordoma

Chordoma is a malignant tumour that is part of a group of malignant bone and soft tissue tumours, called sarcomas… Read More

Acoustic Neuroma

An acoustic neuroma is a benign, slow-growing tumour that originates in the canal connecting the brain to the inner ear… Read More

Astrocytoma

Astrocytomas are the most common type of glioma… Read More

CNS Lymphoma

Central Nervous System (CNS) lymphoma is a rare non-Hodgkin lymphoma in which malignant cells from lymph tissue form in the brain and/or spinal cord… Read More

Craniopharyngioma

Craniopharyngioma is a rare, benign brain tumour which can affect children and adults… Read more

Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma

A rare, aggressive type of brain stem glioma that primarily affects children between the ages of 4 - 11 years… Read more

Diffuse Midline Glioma

A fast-growing, Grade IV tumour that tends to spread out and invade neighbouring tissue… Read more

CNS Lymphoma

Central Nervous System (CNS) lymphoma is a rare non-Hodgkin lymphoma in which malignant cells from lymph tissue form in the brain and/or spinal cord… Read More

Craniopharyngioma

Craniopharyngioma is a rare, benign brain tumour which can affect children and adults… Read more

Ependymoma

Ependymoma is a rare type of glioma that can affect people of all ages… Read more

Glioblastoma (GBM)

Glioblastoma is a fast-growing brain tumour and the most common malignant primary brain tumour… Read more

Mixed Glioma

A tumour made up of more than one type of glial brain cell, including astrocytes, oligodendrocytes and ependymocytes… Read more

Oligodendrogliomas

Oligodendroglioma is a type of glioma that grows from oligodendrocytes, cells that normally provide insulation to the nerves in the brain... Read more

Ependymoma

Ependymoma is a rare type of glioma that can affect people of all ages… Read more

Glioblastoma (GBM)

Glioblastoma is a fast-growing brain tumour and the most common malignant primary brain tumour… Read more

Optic Nerve Glioma

An optic nerve glioma is a benign, slow-growing brain tumour... Read more

Medulloblastoma

Medulloblastoma is a grade IV, high-grade tumour that generally affects children under the age of 14… Read more

Meningioma

Meningioma is a tumour that arises in the meninges, the membrane layer which lines the brain… Read more

Metastatic Brain Tumours

Metastatic brain tumours are some of the most frequently diagnosed tumours occurring in the brain… Read more

Optic Nerve Glioma

An optic nerve glioma is a benign, slow-growing brain tumour... Read more

Medulloblastoma

Medulloblastoma is a grade IV, high-grade tumour that generally affects children under the age of 14… Read more

Pineal Tumours

Pineal tumours form in the pineal gland, a section in the middle of the brain, which is responsible for making melatonin, a hormone that controls sleep… Read more

Pituitary Tumours

A tumour that develops on the pituitary gland is called a pituitary tumour, or an adenoma... Read more

Primitive Neuroectodermal (PNET)

Primitive Neuroectodermal (PNET) tumours develop from immature, undifferentiated nerve cells in the brain… Read more

Rhabdoid Tumour

Rhabdoid tumours are made up of many large cells and develop during infancy or childhood… Read more

Pineal Tumours

Pineal tumours form in the pineal gland, a section in the middle of the brain, which is responsible for making melatonin, a hormone that controls sleep… Read more

Pituitary Tumours

A tumour that develops on the pituitary gland is called a pituitary tumour, or an adenoma... Read more

Disclaimer: All content on Cure Brain Cancer Foundation website is created and published online for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. You should seek your own medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health professional.

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